Full coverage of the 2021 Terry McAuliffe vs. Glenn Youngkin Virginia Gubernatorial debate.

By Angela Fraioli and Michael Gordon
01/05/2022 • 09:45 AM EST

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: Click or tap on any techniquesee definition - the definition will be displayed here.
that appears in bold to show its definition.
: fault as virtuesee definition - technique where a weakness is presented as a strength, by focusing on any positive aspect of it.
: Youngkin characterizes his encouraging Covid vaccines, while not mandating them, as proof that he's doing more than McAuliffe to get Virginians vaccinated.
: euphemismsee definition - replacing accurate language that may be offensive with language that is more palatable, to instill a positive association.
: The phrase "forcing people to understand what Covid is going to do ..." to describe mandating Covid vaccinations.
: baseless claimsee definition - a statement that is presented as accepted or established fact, but is wholly undecided or unsubstantiated.
: McAuliffe claims PSAs won't influence anyone, while providing no evidence that they are not at least somewhat effective.
: poisoning the wellsee definition - discrediting your opponent to an audience in advance, in order to encourage dismissing any future claims they may make against you.
: Youngkin preemptively discredits anything McAuliffe will say as lies, excuses, or radical positions.
: glittering generalitiessee definition - vague words or phrases used to evoke positive emotional appeal, without presenting supporting information or reason.
: "And we'll go to work together" to make sure Virginians feel good about the Covid vaccine, (when it's unclear what that actually means).
: whataboutismsee definition - discrediting a criticism by accusing hypocrisy, in order to shift the focus away from oneself and onto others.
: Youngkin shifts the focus from him being ant-vax to McAuliffe being anti-vax (by virtue of appointing someone who's anti-vax).
: glittering generalitiessee definition - vague words or phrases used to evoke positive emotional appeal, without presenting supporting information or reason.
: McAuliffe brings up other state agencies, investing "time and resources," job creation, income, healthcare, and his bipartisan support, while providing no specifics as to how he'll fix issues with the Virginia Employment Commission (VEC).
: glittering generalitiessee definition - vague words or phrases used to evoke positive emotional appeal, without presenting supporting information or reason.
: About "going to work on day one," making government work for Virginians," introducing the "concept of customer service" and "fixing problems," (when it's unclear what he'll actually do or what any of that means).
: whataboutismsee definition - discrediting a criticism by accusing hypocrisy, in order to shift the focus away from oneself and onto others.
: Youngkin shifts the focus from his involvement with the Carlyle Group to McAuliffe's involvement with the Carlyle Group.
: post hocsee definition - proclaiming that because something occurred after X, it was caused by X, when no causal relationship may exist at all.
: Taking credit for dropping unemployment, when, while he was in office, it was dropping at about the same rate in other states during that time, with Virginia's decrease being slightly below the national average.[1]
: straw mansee definition - misrepresenting an opponent's position or argument to make it easier to attack, usually by exaggerating, distorting, or just completely fabricating it.
: While Youngkin has expressed support for limiting access to late term abortions, he has not expressed support for a total ban on abortions or defunding Planned Parenthood.[2]
: fear-mongeringsee definition - making frightening and exaggerated warnings of impending danger to arouse fear and diminish rationality about an issue.
: McAuliffe brings up the more extreme Texas abortion law, which was never asked about and Youngkin has already said he doesn't support.
: muddy the waterssee definition - bringing up irrelevant facts to confuse or complicate an issue, which may otherwise be relatively simple and easy to understand.
: Youngkin inserts the Texas abortion law, so he can answer the question for the Texas law, rather than the proposed law in question.
: labelingsee definition - pigeon-holing a person or group into a simple category and assigning names and/or beliefs to that category.
: Youngkin associates McAuliffe with abortions and himself with jobs.
: labelingsee definition - pigeon-holing a person or group into a simple category and assigning names and/or beliefs to that category.
: Youngkin pigeonholes McAuliffe as a liar, and an extreme pro-abortionist.
: straw mansee definition - misrepresenting an opponent's position or argument to make it easier to attack, usually by exaggerating, distorting, or just completely fabricating it.
: While Youngkin did get recorded saying he would support efforts to further restrict abortions, he never said he was for banning abortions or defunding Planned Parenthood.[2]
: labelingsee definition - pigeon-holing a person or group into a simple category and assigning names and/or beliefs to that category.
: Now McAuliffe associates himself with jobs and Youngkin with banning abortion.
: straw mansee definition - misrepresenting an opponent's position or argument to make it easier to attack, usually by exaggerating, distorting, or just completely fabricating it.
: While McAuliffe did say he wants to "make life difficult," he was referring to those who refuse to get a Covid vaccine, not all Virginians.[3]
: misleading claimsee definition - a statement with a few elements or kernel of truth, which can easily be proven deceptive or fundamentally untrue.
: The economic plan McAuliffe is talking about is no longer Youngkin's plan since August.[4]
: straw mansee definition - misrepresenting an opponent's position or argument to make it easier to attack, usually by exaggerating, distorting, or just completely fabricating it.
: While Youngkin has campaigned on the issue of election integrity, he has never said it was the most important issue facing Virginia.[5]
: cherry pickingsee definition - presenting only evidence that confirms your position, while ignoring or withholding a more significant portion that contradicts it.
: Youngkin highlights only the murder rate, while not mentioning that Virginia had one of the lowest crime rates in the country when McAuliffe was in office.[6]
: virtue by associationsee definition - championing public symbols that carry respect, authority, sanction, and prestige to assume the respect, authority, sanction, and prestige of those symbols.
: The police
: virtue by associationsee definition - championing public symbols that carry respect, authority, sanction, and prestige to assume the respect, authority, sanction, and prestige of those symbols.
: The police - this is a reversal from McAuliffe's prior position in April, where he called for ending qualified immunity).[7]
: adding qualifierssee definition - adding an extra word or phrase to a response, which makes it ultimately meaningless, but still leaves the desired impression.
: McAuliffe touts having the lowest crime rate of any "major" state in the country, which is not to saying Virginia had the lowest crime rate of any state in the country when he was in office.[8]
: exaggerationsee definition - stretching the truth, to make something seem more powerful or meaningful than it actually is.
: While Virginia did have a low crime rate, it was never the lowest in America.[8]
: misleading claimsee definition - a statement with a few elements or kernel of truth, which can easily be proven deceptive or fundamentally untrue.
: The "economic plan" McAuliffe is talking about is no longer Youngkin's economic plan since August.[4]
: misleading claimsee definition - a statement with a few elements or kernel of truth, which can easily be proven deceptive or fundamentally untrue.
: The "plan" McAuliffe keeps referring to, to eliminate the state income tax, has not been Youngkin's economic plan since August.[4]
: guilt by associationsee definition - using an opponent's links to another to assign the other's beliefs, misdeeds, or other unattractive qualities to the opponent.
: McAuliffe uses Stephen Moore's connection to Donald Trump to claim Trump is Youngkin's advisor.
: labelingsee definition - pigeon-holing a person or group into a simple category and assigning names and/or beliefs to that category.
: Youngkin associates McAuliffe with Pinocchio, the storybook character famous for repeatedly telling lies.
: appeal to compromised authoritysee definition - insisting something is true because an expert on the issue says it's true, when that expert has a vested interest in the outcome.
: The author of the Jefferson Institute report was involved in a paid capacity with Republican members of Virginia’s General Assembly.[9]
: guilt by associationsee definition - using an opponent's links to another to assign the other's beliefs, misdeeds, or other unattractive qualities to the opponent.
: McAuliffe uses Trump's endorsement of Youngkin to link Youngkin to Trump.
: straw mansee definition - misrepresenting an opponent's position or argument to make it easier to attack, usually by exaggerating, distorting, or just completely fabricating it.
: While Youngkin did say "Trump represents so much of why I'm running," he didn't say "So much of the reason why I'm running is because of Donald Trump."[10]
: hyperbolesee definition - an extravagant statement or figure of speech used for effect, not intended to be taken literally.
: Characterizing Youngkin's lack of support for mandating Covid-19 vaccinations as Youngkin's plan to "unleash Covid" on Virginians.
: out of contextsee definition - removing a passage or quote from its surrounding context in such a way as to distort its intended meaning.
: Youngkin's comment was at a 2017 U.S. Export-Import Bank conference, where he was asking McAuliffe to explain how he goes about recruiting foreign businesses to Virginia.[11]
: cherry pickingsee definition - presenting only evidence that confirms your position, while ignoring or withholding a more significant portion that contradicts it.
: Youngkin sites a presentation at a 2015 conference and a recommended book on the BOE website as proof that CRT is being taught in Virginia schools, while ignoring the absence of any direct evidence that CRT is being taught in any of the state’s 1,825 public schools.[12]
: dog whistlesee definition - ambiguous messaging used to stoke racial fear and anxiety and/or to covertly signal allegiance to certain subgroups of an audience.
: "Critical Race Theory" could be signaling support for systemic racism by branding any institutional recognition of racial inequity in the U.S. as inherently racist and unAmerican.
: misleading claimsee definition - a statement with a few elements or kernel of truth, which can easily be proven deceptive or fundamentally untrue.
: The "plan" McAuliffe is talking about is no longer Youngkin's plan since August.[4]
: guilt by associationsee definition - using an opponent's links to another to assign the other's beliefs, misdeeds, or other unattractive qualities to the opponent.
: McAuliffe uses Trump's endorsement of Youngkin to link Youngkin to Trump.
: straw mansee definition - misrepresenting an opponent's position or argument to make it easier to attack, usually by exaggerating, distorting, or just completely fabricating it.
: While Youngkin has expressed support for more abortion restrictions and campaigned on election integrity, he's never mentioned banning abortions or election integrity being his number 1 issue, and he said "Trump represents so much of why I'm running."[2][5][10]

Cumulative total of the techniques detected over the 56:28 runtime of this video clip:


References
4. "Fact-checking the first McAuliffe-Youngkin debate". Politifact. Published: September 17, 2021.

6. "Youngkin’s claims about Virginia crime rates under McAuliffe". The Washington Post. Published: August 26, 2021.

7. "McAuliffe flip-flops on qualified immunity". Politifact. Published: September 29, 2021.

8. "Verify: Fact-checking the Virginia Governor's Debate". WUSA. Published: September 17, 2021.

9. "Youngkin, McAuliffe target each other with false attack ads". The Washington Post. Published: October 14, 2021.

10. "Honored | Terry McAuliffe for Virginia Governor 2021". Terry McAuliffe. Published: June 30, 2021.

11. "The Story Behind a McAuliffe Ad Touting Youngkin Praise". Politifact. Published: June 30, 2021.