Techniques used by Lindsey Graham

guilt by association - using an opponent's links to another to assign the other's beliefs, misdeeds, or other unattractive qualities to the opponent. (6 uses)

dog whistle - ambiguous messaging used to stoke racial fear and anxiety and/or to covertly signal allegiance to certain subgroups of an audience. (1 use)

common folk - establishing a connection with an audience based on being just like one of them and therefore being able to empathize with their concerns. (1 use)

dysphemism - replacing neutral language with more derogatory or unpleasant terms, to instill a negative association. (1 use)

fear-mongering - making frightening and exaggerated warnings of impending danger to arouse fear and diminish rationality about an issue. (1 use)

false dichotomy - giving the impression that there are only two opposing choices or options, while ignoring any middle ground exists between the two extremes. (1 use)

slogan - a brief, striking phrase that people will remember, which typically acts on emotional appeals. (1 use)

half truth - a statement that is essentially true, but lacking critical information and presented as the whole truth. (1 use)

hyperbole - an extravagant statement or figure of speech used for effect, not intended to be taken literally. (1 use)

whataboutism - discrediting a criticism by accusing hypocrisy, in order to shift the focus away from oneself and onto others. (1 use)

false claim - a statement that is directly contradicted by fact and can be easily proven untrue. (1 use)

virtue by association - championing public symbols that carry respect, authority, sanction, and prestige to assume the respect, authority, sanction, and prestige of those symbols. (1 use)

red herring - throwing one irrelevant fact into an argument to divert attention from the real issue at hand. (1 use)