Full coverage of the final South Carolina U.S. Senate debate between Senator Lindsey Graham and challenger Jaime Harrison.

By Nicholas Jaramillo and Sarah Carino-Koza
02/27/2021 • 04:37 AM EST

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: Click or tap on any techniquesee definition - the definition will be displayed here.
that appears in bold to show its definition.
: common folksee definition - establishing a connection with an audience based on being just like one of them and therefore being able to empathize with their concerns.
: guilt by associationsee definition - using an opponent's links to another to assign the other's beliefs, misdeeds, or other unattractive qualities to the opponent.
: Graham uses Harrison's former lobbying work to link him to Hillary Clinton[1] and statements Harrison's made to link him to Pelosi and Sanders.
: false dichotomysee definition - giving the impression that there are only two opposing choices or options, while ignoring any middle ground exists between the two extremes.
: Between black or white choices on each end of the partisan political spectrum, without acknowledging the existence of any middle-ground.
: labelingsee definition - pigeon-holing a person or group into a simple category and assigning names and/or beliefs to that category.
: Harrison paints Graham as a Washington insider and himself as a Washington outsider.
: hyperbolesee definition - an extravagant statement or figure of speech used for effect, not intended to be taken literally.
: Characterizing everyday Washington politics as a "food fight."
: dysphemismsee definition - replacing neutral language with more derogatory or unpleasant terms, to instill a negative association.
: The term "socialism for all" used to replace Medicare for all.
: common folksee definition - establishing a connection with an audience based on being just like one of them and therefore being able to empathize with their concerns.
: labelingsee definition - pigeon-holing a person or group into a simple category and assigning names and/or beliefs to that category.
: Harrison again characterizes Graham as an out of touch Washington insider.
: red herringsee definition - throwing one irrelevant fact into an argument to divert attention from the real issue at hand.
: Graham suggests that it was the same party controlling both the Senate and Whitehouse that made it okay to fill a SCOTUS seat right before an election, to explain his reversal on not filling a SCOTUS seat right before an election.
: adding qualifierssee definition - adding an extra word or phrase to a response, which makes it ultimately meaningless, but still leaves the desired impression.
: Harrison declares that he doesn't support adding more justices to the SCOTUS "at this point," which doesn't mean he wouldn't support it at any point in the future.
: virtue by associationsee definition - championing public symbols that carry respect, authority, sanction, and prestige to assume the respect, authority, sanction, and prestige of those symbols.
: The Constitution, the U.S. Capitol.
: guilt by associationsee definition - using an opponent's links to another to assign the other's beliefs, misdeeds, or other unattractive qualities to the opponent.
: Graham uses AOC's support for Harrison to link Harrison to AOC.
: guilt by associationsee definition - using an opponent's links to another to assign the other's beliefs, misdeeds, or other unattractive qualities to the opponent.
: Graham uses AOC's endorsement for Harrison to now link Harrison (through AOC) to the Green New Deal, which he doesn't support.[2]
: guilt by associationsee definition - using an opponent's links to another to assign the other's beliefs, misdeeds, or other unattractive qualities to the opponent.
: Graham uses Harrison's support for the Democratic police reform bill to link Harrison to Pelosi.
: hyperbolesee definition - an extravagant statement or figure of speech used for effect, not intended to be taken literally.
: Characterizing the Democratic police reform bill as a declaration of "war on the cops."
: virtue by associationsee definition - championing public symbols that carry respect, authority, sanction, and prestige to assume the respect, authority, sanction, and prestige of those symbols.
: The police.
: misleading claimsee definition - a statement with a few elements or kernel of truth, which can easily be proven deceptive or fundamentally untrue.
: Graham's opposition to supporting the Democratic Covid relief bill, which includes funding for police, doesn't mean he supports defunding the police.[3]
: guilt by associationsee definition - using an opponent's links to another to assign the other's beliefs, misdeeds, or other unattractive qualities to the opponent.
: Graham uses groups who support Harrison and also support defunding the police, to link Harrison to defunding the police.
: guilt by associationsee definition - using an opponent's links to another to assign the other's beliefs, misdeeds, or other unattractive qualities to the opponent.
: Graham uses a compliment Harrison made to Bernie Sanders to link Harrison to Sanders, then to AOC, then to Medicare for All, which he doesn't support.[2]
: half truthsee definition - a statement that is essentially true, but lacking critical information and presented as the whole truth.
: Graham mentions that certain Democratic states receive more Obamacare funding, while not mentioning it's because states like SC, by not allowing Medicaid expansion, refused the extra Obamacare funding.[4]
: false claimsee definition - a statement that is directly contradicted by fact and can be easily proven untrue.
: Pelosi and Schumer (and Warren) didn't write Obamacare.[5]
: fear-mongeringsee definition - making frightening and exaggerated warnings of impending danger to arouse fear and diminish rationality about an issue.
: Graham declares that, if Democrats win, they'll impose Medicare for All, even though Biden and many Democrats (including Harrison) don't support it.[6]
: dog whistlesee definition - ambiguous messaging used to stoke racial fear and anxiety and/or to covertly signal allegiance to certain subgroups of an audience.
: The interjection of "radical Islam," juxtaposed to white supremacist groups, could be signaling allegiance to white voters.
: whataboutismsee definition - discrediting a criticism by accusing hypocrisy, in order to shift the focus away from oneself and onto others.
: Graham shifts the focus from his unethical actions to win the election to Harrison's unethical actions to win the election.
: reversal of realitysee definition - a statement that is not only verifiably false, but is the exact opposite of the truth.
: Harrison is indeed encouraging potential Graham voters to vote for Bledsoe, by stressing that Bledsoe is still on the ballot and is more conservative than Graham.[7]
: whataboutismsee definition - discrediting a criticism by accusing hypocrisy, in order to shift the focus away from oneself and onto others.
: This time Harrison shifts the focus from his unethical actions to Graham's unethical actions.
: slogansee definition - a brief, striking phrase that people will remember, which typically acts on emotional appeals.
: Graham characterizes the differences between him and Harrison: "It's not personal between us, it's about you and your family."

Cumulative total of the techniques detected over the 59:53 runtime of this video clip: